Patent Number: 6,165,641

Title: Nanodisperse transition metal electrodes (NTME) for electrochemical cells

Abstract: Disclosed are transition metal electrodes for electrochemical cells using gel-state and solid-state polymers. The electrodes are suitable for use in primary and secondary cells. The electrodes (either negative electrode or positive electrode) are characterized by uniform dispersion of the transition metal at the nanoscale in the polymer. The transition metal moiety is structurally amorphous, so no capacity fade should occur due to lattice expansion/contraction mechanisms. The small grain size, amorphous structure and homogeneous distribution provide improved charge/discharge cycling performance, and a higher initial discharge rate capability. The cells can be cycled at high current densities, limited only by the electrolyte conductivity. A method of making the electrodes (positive and negative), and their usage in electrochemical cells are disclosed.

Inventors: Striebel; Kathryn A. (Oakland, CA), Wen; Shi-Jie (Sunnyvale, CA)

Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy

International Classification: H01M 10/40 (20060101); H01M 4/04 (20060101); H01M 10/36 (20060101); H01M 4/02 (20060101); H01M 4/62 (20060101); H01M 004/60 (); H01M 004/48 ()

Expiration Date: 12/26/2013