Patent Number: 6,168,674

Title: Process of phosphatizing metal surfaces

Abstract: In a process of phosphatizing metal surfaces, which at least partly consist of iron or steel, in accordance with the low-zinc technology, the metal surfaces are brought in contact with aqueous acid phosphatizing solutions at a temperature of 30 to 65.degree. C. for a period of 1 to 8 min, which solutions contain 0.4 to 2.0 g/l Zn 7 to 25 g/l P.sub.2 O.sub.5 0.005 to 0.5 g/l peroxide (calc. as H.sub.2 O.sub.2) 0.01 to 10 g/l formate (calc. as formate ion), are free from chlorate and added nitrite, and in which the weight ratio of free P.sub.2 O.sub.5 to total P.sub.2 O.sub.5 has been adjusted to a value in the range from 0.03 to 0.20, and the content of free acid has been adjusted to a value in the range from 0.5 to 2.5. After contact with the phosphatizing solution, the workpiece is rerinsed with water, which has been adjusted with mineral acid to a pH of from 3.6 to 5.0. The phosphatizing solutions may contain in addition up to 30 g/l nitrate as well as manganese, magnesium, calcium, lithium, tungstate, vanadate, molybdate or combinations thereof, possibly also nickel and/or cobalt, each in an amount of up to 3 g/l, possibly also up to 0.030 g/l copper. The weight ratios Mn:Zn, Mg:Zn, Ca:Zn and possibly (Ni and/or Co):Zn should each be not more than 2:1.

Inventors: Gehmecker; Horst (Hofheim, DE), Kolberg; Thomas (Heppenheim, DE), Rein; Rudiger (Frankfurt am Main, DE)

Assignee: Dynamit Nobel Aktiengesellscha

International Classification: C23C 22/17 (20060101); C23C 22/18 (20060101); C23C 22/05 (20060101); C23C 022/07 ()

Expiration Date: 01/02/2018