Patent Number: 6,169,357

Title: Electron field-emission display cell device having opening depth defined by etch stop

Abstract: An electron field-emission display comprises one or more display cell structures, each having a field-emission cathode and an anode comprising at least one of several cathodoluminescent phosphors disclosed. The display cell structures may also have one or more gate elements for controlling electron current flowing from cathode to anode when suitable electrical bias voltages are applied. A cell may have more than one phosphor, and in particular may have red, green, and blue phosphors selectively arranged. Each pixel site may have one anode of each color phosphor. The phosphors are preferably prepared in situ in an electrically-conductive thin-film or surface-layer form during fabrication of the display. A preferred fabrication process integrates an etch stop with the in situ phosphor process, the etch stop precisely defining the depth of an opening in the display cell structure. Metal oxides or mixed-metal oxides of zinc, copper, tin, or indium are heated in the presence of a refractory metal such as titanium, zirconium, hafnium, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, or combinations thereof to make phosphors of various chromaticities, which may also include dopants, such as a lanthanide rare earth element, manganese, chromium, or stoichiometrically excess zinc, copper, tin, or indium. The display is operable when its phosphor is excited by electrons of very low energy.

Inventors: Potter; Michael D (Scottsville, NY)

Assignee: Advanced Vision Technologies, Inc.

International Classification: C09K 11/67 (20060101); C09K 11/69 (20060101); C09K 11/68 (20060101); C09K 11/77 (20060101); H01J 9/227 (20060101); H01J 001/62 (); H01J 063/04 ()

Expiration Date: 01/02/2018