Patent Number: 6,254,807

Title: Control of H2 and CO produced in partial oxidation process

Abstract: A process for enhancing H.sub.2 or CO production in a partial oxidation reaction by feeding H.sub.2 O or CO.sub.2 with the feed hydrocarbon and oxygen over a transition metal monolith catalyst such as unsupported Ni monolith or alternatively contacting the hydrocarbon/oxygen first with a noble metal then with a transition metal with the H.sub.2 O or CO.sub.2 being added before or after the noble metal catalyst. The addition of H.sub.2 O suppresses CO and enhances H.sub.2 production and the addition of CO.sub.2 suppresses H.sub.2 and enhances CO production. Little steam or CO.sub.2 reforming occurs with the addition of up to 32% H.sub.2 O or CO.sub.2 respectively. Thus, the ratio of H.sub.2 :CO which is about 2 in a conventional partial oxidation is manipulated by the addition of either water or CO.sub.2 to the partial oxidation.

Inventors: Schmidt; Lanny D. (Minneapolis, MN), Witt; Paul M. (Dunbar, WV)

Assignee: Regents of the University of Minnesota

International Classification: C01B 3/38 (20060101); C01B 3/00 (20060101); C01B 003/02 (); C01B 003/16 (); C01B 031/18 ()

Expiration Date: 07/03/2018