Patent Number: 6,297,704

Title: Oscillation circuits featuring coaxial resonators

Abstract: There is a manufacturing limit on how small ceramic coaxial resonators can be produced, which leads to a limit on the frequency of resonance for these resonators. One technique to quadruple the effective frequency of a ceramic coaxial resonator is to couple four resonators into a ring configuration, each of the resonators having an electrical length of 90.degree.. Further, each of the resonators has an amplifier coupled in parallel, these amplifiers having phase shifts approximately equal to 90.degree. and further being controlled by a tuning voltage V.sub.TUNE. In operation, four oscillation signals are generated at the same frequency but out-of-phase by a factor of 90.degree.. When combined, the resulting signal is an oscillation signal at four times the frequency of the original oscillation signals. At the same time, one of the oscillation signals used in the combination can be sampled and be used for feedback purposes within a PLL-FS. Overall, this increase in output frequency along with low frequency sampling capability for feedback, can reduce the need for frequency multiplication and division within a PLL-FS.

Inventors: Nicholls; Charles Tremlett (Nepean, CA), Grundlingh; Johan M. (Kinburn, CA)

Assignee: Nortel Networks Corporation

International Classification: H03B 5/18 (20060101); H03B 1/00 (20060101); H03B 005/18 (); H03L 007/099 ()

Expiration Date: 10/02/2018