Patent Number: 6,309,403

Title: Dexterous articulated linkage for surgical applications

Abstract: A surgical instrument includes an actuator, a tool, and a positioning apparatus. The positioning apparatus includes a gear link structure operably coupling the tool to the actuator for moving the tool in a first direction defining a first degree of freedom and in a second direction defining a second degree of freedom.

Inventors: Minor; Mark A. (Grand Ledge, MI), Mukherjee; Ranjan (East Lansing, MI)

Assignee: Board of Trustees operating Michigan State University

International Classification: A61B 17/28 (20060101); A61B 19/00 (20060101); A61B 017/28 ()

Expiration Date: 10/30/2018