Patent Number: 6,310,670

Title: Thin-film transistor (TFT) liquid crystal display (LCD) devices having field-induced LDD regions

Abstract: TFT-LCD devices include a plurality of pixels and each pixel includes a thin-film transistor (TFT) and an opaque LDD electrode which is capacitively coupled to a portion of the TFT's active layer, so that an impurity doped LDD region is not necessary and improved device characteristics can be achieved. The TFT includes a gate electrode, a channel region, a drain extension region at a first end of the channel region and a drain region of first conductivity type electrically coupled to the first end of the channel region by the drain extension region. In addition, an LDD electrode is disposed opposite the drain extension region so that during on-state operation of the TFT, a relatively high first conductivity type charge carrier concentration can be established in the drain extension region, upon application of a potential bias thereto. A transparent substrate is also provided and the LDD electrode is disposed between the transparent substrate and the drain extension region. The drain region of the TFT is also self-aligned to the LDD electrode, but is preferably not self-aligned to the gate electrode. A transparent pixel electrode is also electrically coupled to the drain region and a data line is electrically coupled to the source region. According to another embodiment of the present invention, a gate electrode insulating layer is disposed between the gate electrode and the active layer and a common electrode is disposed between the gate electrode insulating layer and the pixel electrode. The common electrode is preferably electrically connected to the LDD electrode and may even be contiguous as a single layer of material.

Inventors: Lee; Joo-hyung (Seoul, KR)

Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.

International Classification: G02F 1/13 (20060101); G02F 1/1368 (20060101); H01L 21/02 (20060101); H01L 29/66 (20060101); H01L 21/336 (20060101); H01L 29/786 (20060101); G02F 1/1362 (20060101); G02F 001/136 (); H01L 029/02 ()

Expiration Date: 10/30/2018