Patent Number: 6,310,700

Title: Velocity matching electrode structure for electro-optic modulators

Abstract: This is an electro-optic modulator having an electro-optic substrate such as lithium niobate, an optical waveguide defined within the substrate, an electrode structure including a microwave transmission line elevated from the substrate by conductive legs. In one embodiment, a low-dielectric constant buffer layer is disposed between the substrate and the transmission line. The conductive legs extend from the transmission line to a surface of the substrate toward the waveguide, through the buffer layer. The microwave transmission line is elevated from the substrate at a distance such that the electrical propagation velocity is at a maximum. The high electrical velocity is offset by a loading capacitance introduced by the conductive legs which slows the electrical velocity down on the transmission line to match the optical velocity. Pairs of opposing conductive legs provide a strong electric field for modulating the optical signal.

Inventors: Betts; Gary E. (Westford, MA)

Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology

International Classification: G02F 1/01 (20060101); G02F 1/225 (20060101); G02B 006/36 ()

Expiration Date: 10/30/2018