Patent Number: 6,310,703

Title: Method and apparatus for optical performance monitoring in wavelength division multiplexed fiber optical systems

Abstract: The method and apparatus forming the present invention allows for rapid analysis of the optical spectrum and its content by controlling the spectral position of a channel select element and using a ratiometric wavelength and power determination technique to accurately analyze the transmitted or elected portion of the optical spectrum. The channel select element can be either a transmissive or reflective device which can be tuned by way of a control signal. The system can be operated in either scan and post process mode or in a continuous feedback mode where the position of the channel select element is determined by the ratiometric wavelength determination system and used to control the wavelength position of the channel select element. The ratiometric wavelength and power determination system, in its typical form, is based on dividing the spectrally encoded optical signal into two parts. One part of this signal passes through an optical filter with continuously increasing or decreasing transmission as a function of wavelength while the other part is unperturbed. The two parts and subsequently detected by optical to electrical detectors where the electrical signal is proportional to the optical signal. Dividing the two signals reveals a unique number which is a power independent representation of the input wavelength. The present invention advantageously provides a method and device to measure simultaneously several carriers and not just one. Furthermore, in the present invention, a power measurement is obtained by using the unfiltered part of the optical signal.

Inventors: Alavie; A. Tino (Richmond Hill, CA), Xu; Ming Gang (Don Mills, CA)

Assignee: JDS Uniphase Corporation

International Classification: H04J 14/02 (20060101); H04B 10/08 (20060101); H04Q 11/00 (20060101); H04B 010/08 (); H04J 014/02 ()

Expiration Date: 10/30/2018