Patent Number: 6,311,154

Title: Adaptive windows for analysis-by-synthesis CELP-type speech coding

Abstract: A speech coder and a method for speech coding wherein the speech signal is represented by an excitation signal applied to a synthesis filter. The speech is partitioned into frames and subframes. A classifier identifies which of several categories the speech frame belongs to, and a different coding method is applied to represent the excitation for each category. For some categories, one or more windows are identified for the frame where all or most of the excitation signal samples are assigned by a coding scheme. Performance is enhanced by coding the important segments of the excitation more accurately. The window locations are determined from a linear prediction residual by identifying peaks of the smoothed residual energy contour. The method adjusts the frame and subframe boundaries so that each window is located entirely within a modified subframe or frame. This eliminates the artificial restriction incurred when coding a frame or subframe in isolation, without regard for the local behavior of the speech signal across frame or subframe boundaries.

Inventors: Gersho; Allen (Goleta, CA), Cuperman; Vladimir (Goleta, CA), Rao; Ajit V (Goleta, CA), Yang; Tung-Chiang (Goleta, CA), Ahmadi; Sassan (San Diego, CA), Liu; Fenghua (San Diego, CA)

Assignee: Nokia Mobile Phones Limited

International Classification: G10L 19/14 (20060101); G10L 19/00 (20060101); G10L 019/12 ()

Expiration Date: 10/30/2018