Patent Number: 6,617,285

Title: Polyols for breaking of borate crosslinked fracturing fluid

Abstract: It has been discovered that borate crosslinked fracturing fluid breaker mechanisms are improved by the inclusion of a polyol together with an enzyme. In fact, synergistic results may be achieved when both are used together as contrasted to the cases where each are used separately. Removing the borate ion from the crosslinked polymer reduces the pH of the fluid and in turn increases the activity of the enzyme. That is, once the pH is lowered, viscosity reduction (breaking) occurs by uncrosslinking of the polymer within the fracturing fluid, and by initiating or increasing activity of an enzyme breaker, if present. In one embodiment, the polyol has at least two cis-hydroxyl groups. In another embodiment, the polyols are monosaccharides such as glycerols and sugar alcohols, and may include mannitol, sorbitol, glucose, fructose, galactose, mannose, allose, etc. and mixtures thereof. Oligosaccharides and derivatives of monosaccharides and oligosaccharides are also useful.

Inventors: Crews; James B. (Willis, TX)

Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated

International Classification: C09K 8/50 (20060101); C09K 8/502 (20060101); C09K 003/00 (); E21B 043/26 ()

Expiration Date: 09/09/2020