Patent Number: 6,762,282

Title: High yield S-nitrosylation process

Abstract: A method for producing a S-nitrosylated species is provided. The method comprises: (a) providing a deoxygenated, alkaline aqueous solution comprising a thiol and a nitrite-bearing species; (b) acidifying the solution by adding acid to the solution while concurrently mixing the solution (e.g., by vigorously stirring the solution) to produce the S-nitrosylated species; and (c) isolating the S-nitrosylated species. The nitrite-bearing species can be, for example, an inorganic nitrite, such as an alkali metal nitrite, or an organic nitrite, such as an alkyl nitrite (e.g., ethyl nitrite, amyl nitrite, isobutyl nitrite or t-butyl nitrite). The thiol is preferably a thiol-containing polysaccharide, a thiol-containing lipoprotein, a thiol-containing amino acid or a thiol-containing protein, and more preferably a thiol-containing polysaccharide such as thiolated cyclodextrin. In many preferred embodiments, the S-nitrosylated species is insoluble in the acidified solution, precipitating upon formation. The S-nitrosylated species can be isolated, for example, by a process in which the precipitate is removed from the solution (e.g., by centrifugation) and the aqueous solvent remaining in the precipitate is sublimated (e.g., by freezing the precipitate and subjecting it to a vacuum). The isolated S-nitrosylated product is preferably protected from heat, light, moisture and oxygen.

Inventors: Herrmann; Robert A. (Boston, MA), Knapp; David (Wellesley, MA)

Assignee: SciMed Life Systems, Inc.

International Classification: C07C 381/00 (20060101); C08B 37/00 (20060101); C08B 37/16 (20060101); C07K 001/113 (); C08B 037/16 ()

Expiration Date: 07/13/2021