Patent Number: 7,085,451

Title: Optical fiber gratings with azimuthal refractive index perturbation

Abstract: The present invention relates to a type of optical fiber grating having an azimuthal refractive-index perturbation. The optical fiber includes a fiber grating that has a plurality of grating elements formed therein. At least one of the grating elements has a spatially varying index of refraction that varies azimuthally about the centerline of the optical fiber. The fiber grating acts as a band-stop optical spectral filter. In addition, since fiber-cladding modes are weakly-guided modes, their power can be easily dissipated by scattering, bending, stretching, and/or rotating the optical fiber. Multiple configurations of these gratings within an optical fiber are given. Methodologies are given for the fabrication of these gratings. Devices are presented which can dynamically attenuate, tune, switch, or modulate the wavelength spectral characteristics of an optical signal.

Inventors: Gaylord; Thomas K. (Atlanta, GA), Van Wiggeren; Gregory D. (Los Gatos, CA), Davis; Donald D. (Duluth, GA), Glytsis; Elias N. (Dunwoody, GA), Anemogiannis; Emmanuel (Atlanta, GA)

Assignee: Georgia Tech Research Corporation

International Classification: G02B 6/34 (20060101); G02B 6/02 (20060101)

Expiration Date: 8/01/02018