Patent Number: 7,134,273

Title: Exhaust emission control and diagnostics

Abstract: A diesel engine emission control system uses an upstream oxidation catalyst and a downstream SCR catalyst to reduce NOx in a lean exhaust gas environment. The engine and upstream oxidation catalyst are configured to provide approximately a 1:1 ratio of NO to NO2 entering the downstream catalyst. In this way, the downstream catalyst is insensitive to sulfur contamination, and also has improved overall catalyst NOx conversion efficiency. Degradation of the system is determined when the ratio provided is no longer near the desired 1:1 ratio. This condition is detected using measurements of engine operating conditions such as from a NOx sensor located downstream of the catalysts. Finally, control action to adjust an injected amount of reductant in the exhaust gas based on the actual NO to NO2 ratio upstream of the SCR catalyst and downstream of the oxidation catalyst.

Inventors: Mazur; Christopher John (Canton, MI), Upadhyay; Devesh (Dearborn, MI)

Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC

International Classification: F01N 3/00 (20060101)

Expiration Date: 2019-11-14 0:00:00