Patent Number: 7,709,158

Title: Guanidine derivatives as cations for ambient temperature molten sales in electrochemical power sources

Abstract: The present invention is directed to ambient temperature molten salts as non-aqueous electrolytes. The molten salts comprise a cation of a guanidine moiety and an anion. The guanidine cation is asymmetrically halogenated, which means that in the general formula: C(NR.sub.2).sub.3.sup.+, one or two, but not all three, of the N atoms are bonded to R radicals that are the same for each thusly substituted N atom and the third N atom is bonded to hydrogen or two of the same R radicals, and if R radicals, they are different than the R radicals bonded to the first and second N atoms. The R radicals bonded to any one N atom is an alkyl group of from 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Either both of the hydrogen atoms or at least one of the hydrogen atoms on each of the R radicals bonded to one or two, but not three, of the N atoms are substituted with the same halogen selected from the group consisting of fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine. Preferably the anion is partially or fully halogenated, and the halogen of the guanidinium cation and that of the anion are the same. The electrolyte is useful with electrochemical devices such as primary and secondary electrochemical cells and capacitors, such as of the electrolytic and electrolytic/electrochemical hybrid types.

Inventors: Schlaikjer; Carl R. (Middleboro, MA), Scalise; Michael F. (Clarence, NY)

Assignee: Electrochem Solutions, Inc.

International Classification: H01M 6/16 (20060101)

Expiration Date: 5/04/12018