Patent Number: 7,715,672

Title: Ultra high numerical aperture optical fibers

Abstract: Various embodiments described include optical fiber designs and fabrication processes for ultra high numerical aperture optical fibers (UHNAF) having a numerical aperture (NA) of about 1. Various embodiments of UHNAF may have an NA greater than about 0.7, greater than about 0.8, greater than about 0.9, or greater than about 0.95. Embodiments of UHNAF may have a small core diameter and may have low transmission loss. Embodiments of UHNAF having a sufficiently small core diameter provide single mode operation. Some embodiments have a low V number, for example, less than 2.4 and large dispersion. Some embodiments of UHNAF have extremely large negative dispersion, for example, less than about -300 ps/nm/km in some embodiments. Systems and apparatus using UHNAF are also disclosed.

Inventors: Dong; Liang (Ann Arbor, MI), Peng; Xiang (Orlando, FL), Thomas; Brian K. (Brighton, MI)

Assignee: IMRA America, Inc.

International Classification: G02B 6/44 (20060101); G02B 6/02 (20060101)

Expiration Date: 5/11/12018