Patent Number: 8,821,938

Title: Porous drug matrices and methods of manufacture thereof

Abstract: Drugs, especially low aqueous solubility drugs, are provided in a porous matrix form, preferably microparticles, which enhances dissolution of the drug in aqueous media. The drug matrices preferably are made using a process that includes (i) dissolving a drug, preferably a drug having low aqueous solubility, in a volatile solvent to form a drug solution, (ii) combining at least one pore forming agent with the drug solution to form an emulsion, suspension, or second solution and hydrophilic or hydrophobic excipients that stabilize the drug and inhibit crystallization, and (iii) removing the volatile solvent and pore forming agent from the emulsion, suspension, or second solution to yield the porous matrix of drug. Hydrophobic or hydrophilic excipients may be selected to stabilize the drug in crystalline form by inhibiting crystal growth or to stabilize the drug in amorphous form by preventing crystallization. The pore forming agent can be either a volatile liquid that is immiscible with the drug solvent or a volatile solid compound, preferably a volatile salt. In a preferred embodiment, spray drying is used to remove the solvents and the pore forming agent. The resulting porous matrix has a faster rate of dissolution following administration to a patient, as compared to non-porous matrix forms of the drug. In a preferred embodiment, microparticles of the porous drug matrix are reconstituted with an aqueous medium and administered parenterally, or processed using standard techniques into tablets or capsules for oral administration.

Inventors: Straub; Julie (Winchester, MA), Altreuter; David (Wayland, MA), Bernstein; Howard (Cambridge, MA), Chickering, III; Donald E. (Framingham, MA), Khattak; Sarwat (Hadley, MA), Randall; Greg (Round Rock, TX)

Assignee: Acusphere, Inc.

International Classification: A61K 9/14 (20060101); A61K 31/335 (20060101); A61K 9/00 (20060101); A01N 43/02 (20060101)

Expiration Date: 9/02/12018