Patent Number: 8,877,342

Title: Alumina forming bimetallic tube for refinery process furnaces and method of making and using

Abstract: Provided is a bimetallic tube for transport of hydrocarbon feedstocks in refinery process furnaces, and more particularly in furnace radiant coils, including: i) an outer tube layer being formed from stainless steels including chromium in the range of 15.0 to 26.0 wt. % based on the total weight of the stainless steel; ii) an inner tube layer being formed from an alumina forming bulk alloy including 5.0 to 10.0 wt. % of Al, 20.0 wt. % to 25.0 wt. % Cr, less than 0.4 wt. % Si, and at least 35.0 wt. % Fe with the balance being Ni, wherein the inner tube layer is formed plasma powder welding the alumina forming bulk alloy on the inner surface of the outer tube layer; and iii) an oxide layer formed on the surface of the inner tube layer, wherein the oxide layer is substantially comprised of alumina, chromia, silica, mullite, spinels, or mixtures thereof.

Inventors: Chun; ChangMin (Annandale, NJ), Deutsch; David Samuel (Flemington, NJ), McCray; Vance A. (Oakton, VA), Feather; James Edward (Fairfax, VA), Raich; Brenda Anne (Annandale, NJ)

Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company

International Classification: C10G 75/02 (20060101); C10G 75/04 (20060101)

Expiration Date: 2019-11-04 0:00:00